All for one (health)
Research teams to study zoonotic diseases in Mongolia
By Jill Pease
In Mongolia, where animals greatly outnumber people, outbreaks of disease that spread between animals and humans are on the rise.
Now, with the help of a new Framework Innovation grant from the National Institutes of Health’s Fogarty International Center, UF is partnering with Mongolian agencies to train multidisciplinary teams that will develop prevention and control techniques to mitigate zoonotic disease problems in Mongolia.
The Fogarty International Center intends to fund the UF project for up to $1.5 million over a five-year period. The new project builds upon a longstanding research partnership between the University of Florida and Mongolian scientists and health officials.
Mongolia is traditionally a nomadic society, and herders live in close contact with their livestock, which typically include cattle, sheep, goats, horses and camels. In recent years Mongolia has undergone rapid change and experienced multiple epidemics of zoonotic illnesses such as brucellosis, anthrax, avian and equine influenza, rabies and tickborne diseases. The possible causes of disease spread are complex, but they may be linked, in part, to shifts toward natural resource development and urbanization.
“Due to economic opportunities, better transportation, and political and climate change, large segments of the pastoral populations in and around Mongolia have been migrating to major cities,” said Gregory Gray, M.D., M.P.H., the grant’s principal investigator and chair of the department of environmental and global health in the UF College of Public Health and Health Professions. “These human migrations have overwhelmed public infrastructure and sometimes introduced new disease problems to human and animal populations.”
With support from the grant, UF will assemble four cross-disciplinary One Health teams of American and Mongolian postdoctoral trainees. The One Health approach recognizes the link between human, animal and environmental health and seeks to bring together expertise in all those areas for public health problem-solving. The teams will develop a pilot project and identify collaborators in areas such as public health, veterinary health, animal science, food safety, emerging diseases, environmental engineering, ecology and geography.